Bagherpour Kashani: It is clear that all human beings do not share the same intellectual ability, and this has been mentioned in the sharia law. But this does not mean weak reason cannot reach the truth. God put fundamentals of his religion in such a way that its understanding would be possible even for weak reason. Reason of all people can understands good and bad things and can realize the axioms. The wise Lord, is granted to all a degree of reason which is said to be livelihood and mathematical reason.
Dr. Seyyed Hadi Mousavi: If all the wise men have a same degree of reason, so should all move in one direction and do not disagree!
Bagherpour Kashani: Yes, but this is on condition that inhibitors do not turn away or disregard the wise man to the verdict of reason. Blind conformity, affecting by the characters, undue prejudice, arrogance and dictatorship, obstinacy, sensualize, sick in the heart, and… make the wise man not to pay attention to the level of knowledge (reason) and become ignorant;
- For example:
عن محمد باقر علیه السلام: انما یداق الله العباد فی الحساب یوم القیامة علی قدر ما اتاهم من العقول فی الدنیا
On Judgment Day, God in proportion to the size of those given in the world to his servants, would be the subtle and rigor on their account of deeds. (Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi, Al-Mahasin, vol. 1, p. 195; Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 11).
عن ابی عبدالله .. قال: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَهِ صَلَّي اللَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ ءَالِهِ وَ سَلَّمَ: إنَّا مَعَاشِرَ الانْبِيَآءِ أُمِرْنَا أَنْ نُكَلِّمَ النَّاسَ عَلَي قَدْرِ عُقُولِهِمْ.
We, the prophets, have appointed to speak with people as much as their wisdom (Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 11).